Hawthorn

Hawthorn

The hawthorn is a three-season tree; flowers in spring, fruit in late summer and striking fall color. The hawthorn's branches have sharp thorns, the trunk is short, and the leaves are dense. It will make a good shade tree. When fully grown the tree is full in shape, but can reach elevated heights of 30 feet. People grow the hawthorn for its three season beauty and because it is a bird magnet. Here are some tips on how to grow

Instructions

Purchase a hawthorn tree from a nursery or garden center you need to check the root at the bottom of the container, if it is growing through the holes you will want to buy this one, as that is an indication that the roots are not bound.

Plant the tree in early spring or when you can loosen the soil. Hawthorns prefer to grown in an area that is rich in limestone with a sandy loom. However, the hawthorn will tolerate ordinary soil also. A location with full sun is preferred.

Dig a hole deep and wide enough so the roots are not cramped.

Fill the hole with water. Wait until the water subsides to half way down. Then place tree in center of hole. Gently fill the hole with soil, fill to the base of the tree. Pack the dirt so there are no air pockets. Water deeply.

Fertilize with water mixed (10-10-10) solution. Pour fertilizer around the base of the tree. Place 2-4 inches of organic mulch around the tree.

Tips & Warnings

  • Every other spring use a 10-10-10 fertilizer to feed Hawthorn
  • Birds will feed on fruit all winter long
  • Branches with berries look great dried and added to floral arrangements
  • Hawthorn brings luck to owner
  • Keep soil evenly moist throughout the growing season
  • Cedar apple rust can be a problem
  • Hawthorn is not recommended to be planted around small children

HERBAL PROPERTIES AND USES:
Hawthorn berries have been widely used for their medicinal properties, and most recently have been endorsed in evidence-based medicine for treating chronic heart failure. Hawthorne berries have also been used as a digestive aid and to strengthen overall cardiovascular function, lower blood pressure, and to lower levels of harmful cholesterol.

POLLINATION:
Propagated by the berries and by hard-wood cuttings.

HARVESTING:
Flowers can be harvested in the spring, and berries in the fall.

DRYING METHODS / YIELD:
Fresh raw hawthorn berries should be picked when ripened, carefully removing thorns and leaves. Wash the fresh berries with purified water and use raw or dry in the sun for several days.

PRESERVATION / PACKAGING METHODS:
Berries can be eaten raw, cooked or dried and stored in an air-tight container.

FLOWERING/SEEDING:
Flowers in early February.

ESSENTIAL OIL USE:
May be used for aromatherapy for the heart and circulation. It works as a vasodilator, increasing healthy circulation and lowering blood pressure.

IS THIS AN EDIBLE PLANT:
Yes, the leaves can be cooked like greens and the berries can be used for jellies and jams. Flowers and seeds are edible, and make an excellent addition to salads and deserts.

CAUTIONS / CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Generally safe for most people. Infrequent side effects may involve digestive upset, headache and heart palpitations.

DRUG INTERACTIONS:
Hawthorne increase the action of drugs containing cardiovascular effects, so consult with your doctor if you are currently taking heart medication.

Light:Sun

Zones:4-7

Plant Type: Tree

Plant Height: To 25 feet tall

Plant Width: To 30 feet wide

Landscape Uses: Containers,Beds & Borders,Slopes

Special Features: Flowers,Attractive Foliage,Fragrant,Fall Color,Winter Interest,Attracts Birds


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