Date palm

Date palm

The date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) is an easy to care for, fast growing, elegant and attractive ornamental tree, ideally suited for home gardens and urban landscapes in United States' "Hardiness Zones" 9 to 11.

With over 30 known varieties, the date palm can be grown as an ornamental tree to define property boundaries, or planted as a fruit-bearing orchard crop. In fact, the date palm is the oldest fruit tree cultivated by man, and can be found in temperate climates around the world. Reaching a regal height of over 30-feet tall, the date palm is one of the easiest palm trees to grow and maintain.

Directions For Planting

Step 1

Choose a spot in your landscaping that received several hours of sunlight per day. Date palms thrive in sunlight and must receive at least several hours a day.

Step 2

Dig a hole with your shovel that is two to three times wider than the root ball of your potted palm. You want to plant the date palm only as deep as it is in the pot you bought it in. Make the hole only that deep, plus about 6 inches.

Step 3

Put 2 inch layer of moist, organic material and decomposed manure in the bottom of the hole. On top of this, put 2 to 3 inches of the soil you dug out of the hole. Then, place the root ball of your date palm on top of this layer.

Step 4

Mix the remaining soil you dug out with two or three shovels full of manure, and use it to fill the hole around your date palm. As you fill the hole, use a hose to add water into the hole, root ball and soil. This will help eliminate any air bubbles in the root ball and help the roots establish themselves better in the soil.

Step 5

Dig a shallow reservoir around the base of the date palm, but several inches out. Mulch around the date palm, but do not cover too much of the base; also put mulch into the reservoir. This reservoir with be used when you water and help put water deep into the soil.

Step 6

Keep the soil around your newly planted date palm moist for the first several weeks by using a soaker hose around the base. Although date palms are drought tolerant when established, newly planted date palms need to be kept in moist, not soggy, soil so it can establish its roots. Too little water will weaken your date palm. Check the soil moisture daily for the first week or two. The date palm will establish its roots in about two months if the soil is kept moist during that time.

Direction For Caring Date Palm

Watering

Pour water at the top of the plant to keep the soil moist. but Keep soil from becoming excessively wet. Otherwise, root rot will result. Water your date palm every two to three weeks by deep root watering. Date palms have very deep roots, so the watering must be enough to soak down to the roots. A long, slow watering system, like a soaker hose, works well
Discard excess water in the saucer at the bottom of the planter, especially during the cold weather or in an air-conditioned home. Let excess water sit in the saucer for a week during the hot weather or in warmer indoors. Avoid watering until the saucer is empty.
Avoid drying out the soil or the palms will droop and their color will change to light green.

2 Fertilizer

Add fertilizer when the palm is vigorously growing. Dilute liquid fertilizer or add a slow release brand in the planter. You can three to four times a year to encourage growth and date production Soil lacking in nitrogen can cause a yellowing of the leaves, stunted leaves and low fruit production. If required, add nitrogen to the soil, following package instructions
Apply a 4- to 6-inch layer of organic compost to the base of the tree for slow and steady soil enrichment as the compost decomposes.
Cover the compost with a 2- to 3-inch layer of organic mulch. Straw, shredded newspaper, aged non-treated sawdust or torn strips of cardboard may be used to help retain moisture and control weeds.

Tips

1 Prune any dead fronds from your date palm once a year. Do not over prune--for every new frond, an old frond will die

2 Regularly rinse the foliage with lukewarm water. You can do this by placing the palm in your shower or rinse it with a hard, fine spray. The lukewarm water keeps pests away.

3 Palm trees prefer a well-drained soil and a sunny location. Palm trees are fast growing. Plant in a spot that allows the tree to grow without interference from other trees and utility lines.
 

Light: Sun

Zones: 9-11

Plant Type: Tree

Plant Height: 40-70 feet tall

Plant Width: 20-40 feet wide

Landscape Uses: Beds & Borders

Special Features: Attractive Foliage,Drought Tolerant

 


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