Beech nut trees are tall beautiful trees that produce nuts in the fall. They have a smooth gray bark and serrated edged leaves. If you want to grow your own beech nut tree, you will need to take extra care when they are in the seedling stage because they are susceptible to harsh weather conditions. You will also want to select their final planting area carefully. Because of their eventual size they will overshadow other things, which could cause problems for plants that need full sunlight.

Growing Beech Tree

1 Make sure you pick an area big enough for the beech nut tree. They grow to a height of 80 feet tall.

2 Designate an area to develop the plants. This should be a place that gets at least 10 hours of sunlight a day. Because most regions don't get this much natural light in one place, you need to get a grow light or move the plants appropriately. Likewise it is important that they get at least 8 hours of darkness. Do not choose a site that puddles after a storm, as standing water will cause root rot in young beech trees. Do choose a spot that is at least 20 feet from any important structure or driveway, as these large trees have roots and limbs that grow and spread.

3 Dig a hole that is slightly more shallow than the beech's pot, but three times as wide. Pull the beech from its pot, spread its roots with your fingers and place the roots into the middle of the hole. Fill the hole in with native soil, and don't worry about adding any amendments; this is a hardy tree that does not appreciate amended soil. Pat the soil down firmly as you fill it in, to get rid of air pockets. When the tree is fully planted it's root ball should be at soil level.

4 Use new soil that has less possibility of carrying disease. This is important to young and vulnerable plants. Pay careful attention to the amount of moisture the plants are getting by checking them often and only leaving newly-planted seeds covered until they sprout. If you are starting plants from seed, use a container only the size of a single-size yogurt. If you have a seedling, find a container at least 10 times the size of the plant.

5 Water the tree deeply so that the top 5 inches of soil around the tree are moistened. Don't water the trunk of the beech nut tree, as this may cause it to rot. Keep the stream of water about an inch away from the base of the tree. Maintain weekly waterings of this amount until the beech nut tree s a year old.

6 Spread 2 to 3 inches of organic mulch over the soil around the tree to maintain moisture. The most important aspect to growing a beech tree is to give it enough water, so check the soil often to make sure it isn't drying out. Replenish the mulch layer as necessary.

7 Transplant the trees once they grow to approximately 1 inch in diameter at the main stalk or trunk. You can transplant them to a larger pot or outdoors. Be sure to do this in mild weather so not to shock the plant and ultimately kill it. Transplanting is always difficult on a plant so make sure to water often and add new soil to maximize nutrients.



  • Beach nuts, the seeds of the tree, grow in pairs inside a burr in the fall. They are sharp and triangular, and are popular in roasting.
  • Beach trees are vulnerable to beech bark disease, which is a combination of fungal and insect infection, and causes cankers on beech tree roots
  • Do not prune the tree excessively as it grows, as it could be fatal.

Fertilizers for Beech Tree


Synthetic fertilizer supplies trees and other ornamental plants with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Content ratios are shown by the NPK label. Synthetic chemical fertilizers provide nutrients directly to the tree roots but do not support soil biological activity, known as the "soil food web." Organic compost regularly applied increases biological activity of the soil, which supports increased nutrient content for the tree.


"Most shade trees exist in nature without much care, but transplanting trees into urban areas or man-made conditions can create problems," according to the North Carolina University horticulture website. October through March are the best times to fertilize, but distressed beech trees should be fertilized at once. Apply fertilizer several feet from the trunk and again outside the drip line.


Drill holes, feeding needles and surface application are the three most commonly used methods. Holes 10 to 12 inches deep, 3 feet apart are drilled in the ground around the beech tree and filled with compost fertilizer. Feeding needles are commercially available liquid fertilizer that is injected into the soil and spread by deep watering. Surface application is the simplest and fastest method to fertilize a beech tree. Broadcast compost in a circle around the tree beginning near the trunk, extending to the drip line.

Light: Sun,Part Sun

Zones: 5-8

Plant Type: Tree

Plant Height: 10-80 feet tall

Plant Width: 35-45 feet wide

Landscape Uses: Containers,Beds & Borders,Slopes

Special Features: Attractive Foliage,Fall Color,Winter Interest,Attracts Birds

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