Arrowhead vine

Arrowhead vine

The Arrowhead Vine is a fairly easy to grow houseplant. The Arrowhead vine tends to resemble a heart-leafed philodendron. Due to the vining nature of Arrowhead vines, they make great houseplants for hanging baskets or areas where allowed to climb. New shoots seem to grow more upward and have a more arrow shape. As they get older, the vines tend to start climbing and foliage will change shape.

There is a large selection of varieties of Arrowhead vines. Depending on the variety the foliage may have white, pink, or silver markings on the leaves upper surfaces.

Arrowhead Vines prefer bright to medium light levels. They will tolerate low light, but grow much better in brighter lighting. Keep the plant within 5 to 8 feet of a window receiving bright light.

Arrowhead Vines require moist soil at all times, so do not allow the soil to dry out in between watering however do not allow the soil to be soggy either. This houseplant also prefers high humidity levels for a daily misting would be beneficial. You’ll also want to water to the soil directly. Getting water on the foliage may cause spotting.

Another note is that this houseplant likes to be root-bound therefore you do not need to repot as much as other houseplants. Keep the roots more compacted.

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From herbaceous stem cuttings
By simple layering
By serpentine layering
By stooling or mound layering

Light: Bright light but no direct sun. Variegated types can handle more direct sun, while deeper green varieties can handle partial shade.

Water: Spray frequently to maintain high humidity. Keep soil continuously moist throughout spring and summer, and reduce watering in the winter, but don't let it dry out.

Temperature: Prefers warm and humid conditions. Keep above 60ºF if possible.
Soil: Rich, well-drained potting mix.

Fertilizer: Feed regularly with liquid fertilizer throughout growing season.


Propagation:

Syngonium root readily from stem cuttings and can easily be propagated in the spring or summer months. If your plant has aerial roots along the stem, take a section of stem with attached roots to increase your odds of success.

Repotting:
Syngonium are aggressive, rapid-growing vines, so the frequency of repotting depends somewhat on how big you want the vine to get. Repot yearly for a larger vine. Otherwise, refresh potting media every spring and repot every other year.

Varieties:
There are more than 30 species of Syngonium vines native to tropical America. The one most commonly seen in cultivation, however, is S. podophyllum and its many varieties. Breeders have created plants with striking variegation along leaf veins. Juvenile leaves are simply arrows, while mature leaves can be up to a foot long and have five or more lobes. Variegated plants tend to lose their variegation as they age.

Grower's Tips:
These plants will thrive under the same conditions as the related philodendron. They are climbers in the wild and will eventually grow from shade into full sun in the canopy, with leaves maturing and gaining size as the plant gains altitude. In the home, these are often used as trailing plants or can be trained up a pole or moss stick. They are perfect for a sunroom or greenhouse conservatory where ample heat, light and humidity will encourage their tropical nature.

Common Name: Arrowhead Vine
Scientific Name: Syngonium podophyllum (Nephthytis)
Lighting: Bright to Moderate
Watering: Heavy


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